The Colosseum is the largest amphitheater ever constructed. It was constructed approximately 70 AD, at the height of the Roman Empire. It is referred to as the Colosseo in Italian.
It was primarily constructed as a place where people could watch activities, most notably gladiator-style fights. It also hosted theater productions, executions, and battle reenactments. Although there is scant proof, some people also think it was utilized for dummy sea battles.
The term “Colossus of Nero” refers to the enormous statue of Emperor Nero that stood close to the structure; however, this statue is no longer there. Though it’s likely because of the Colosseum’s enormous size that the moniker Colossus was somehow transferred from the statue to the amphitheater.
The Colosseum’s official name at the time of construction was the Flavian Amphitheatre, yet it’s thought that ancient Romans would have called it the Amphitheatrum Caesareum. Another common name for it is the Coliseum, which is a collective term for huge outdoor stadiums.
The Colosseum was built to accommodate up to 80,000 spectators, which puts it on par with today’s contemporary sports arenas (although some claim 40,000). The average audience size for events was roughly 40,000, and attendees ranged from emperors to members of the lower class.
The Colosseum continued to be utilized as a venue for workshops and other events after the Roman Empire fell. An affluent family utilized it as a fortified home in the 12th century.
Unfortunately, the Colosseum suffered significant damage and was partially destroyed by a significant earthquake that occurred in the middle of the 14th century. The Colosseum’s stone was taken for various structures over the years, which resulted in the destruction of a large portion of the building.
The Colosseum wasn’t valued until the middle of the 18th century when measures to preserve it were taken. Due to the large number of Christians who were thought to have perished on the arena floor, it was designated a holy spot by the Pope. However, there isn’t much support for this either.
Throughout the 19th century, the church added improvements and reinforcements to the structure in an effort to keep it safe.
Millions of tourists visit the Colosseum each year, making it one of Rome’s top tourist destinations today. It is a component of the UNESCO World Heritage Site for the Historic Center of Rome.
Where is the Colosseum
The Colosseum is located in the center of historic Rome, close to other magnificent old buildings like the Roman Forum and Circo Maximus.
The Colosseum’s full street address is Piazza del Colosseo, 1 Comune di Roma RM, 00184.
The Pantheon, Trevi Fountain, and the Spanish Steps are a few miles to the southeast of the Colosseum. The distance from this area of the city to the Colosseum should be covered on foot in around 25 minutes.
The Colosseum is around an hour’s walk from the Vatican, so taking public transportation, a hop-on-hop-off bus, or a taxi will save you some time.
How to get to the Colosseum
Depending on where you are coming from, there are a variety of ways to get to the Colosseum.
It takes roughly 20 to 30 minutes to walk from the well-known neighborhood surrounding the Pantheon and out to Piazza Navona, where we frequently advise people to look for lodging.
The Colosseo stop on the Rome Metro is located directly across the street from the Colosseum and provides access to the Colosseum. Line B currently serves this stop.
Numerous bus routes also make stops at the Colosseum. The Omnia Rome and Vatican Card, commonly known as the Roma Pass or Rome and Vatican Pass, includes access to the city’s public transportation, making it an affordable way to travel to the Colosseum.
The Colosseum is a stop for the bulk of Rome’s Hop on Hop off bus services if you’re utilizing one of these. The Rome and Vatican Pass includes a Hop on Hop Off bus ride; alternatively, you can purchase a HOHO bus ticket here.
Lastly, you can utilize one of the many cabs in Rome to travel to the Colosseum. If you are taking a cab in Rome, always check to see if the meter is on.
Colosseum Opening Times
With the exception of January 1st and December 25th, the Colosseum is typically open every day of the year.
Depending on the time of year, it either opens at 10.30 am or 9.30 am, and it often closes an hour before sunset. One hour prior to closing, there is the last entrance.
Do You Require a Colosseum Ticket?
Everyone entering the Colosseum must have a ticket or at the very least a reservation. If you go on one of the free days, you can purchase a ticket there, but it’s first come, first served.
Depending on what you wish to see, multiple ticket options are available, each with a different price.
Even those guests who are entitled to free admission, such as minors, must book a time slot.